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Status Quo of China’s Renewable Energy Power Generation and Analysis of Its Development Path in Northwest China


Regarding the development of renewable energy in Northwest China, in the initial and growth stages, it should be said that the northwest region, which is rich in resources, is the main force for development. Although we say that wind and photovoltaic power curtailment in Northwest China is more serious, the proportion of non-hydro power consumption is the highest in China.

Distributed solar farm in Gansu province, China

From the perspective of long-term development strategy, the development of renewable energy in Northwest China has played a very important role. Last year, Beijing put forward the “Energy Production and Consumption Revolution Strategy 2016-2030” in 2018, proposing that non-fossil energy will account for 15% in 2020, 20% in 2030, and 50% in 2050. It can be seen from this picture that even so, in the non-fossil scenario in 2050, it will only reach 47%, and there is still a certain distance from 50%. Under the established scenario, the installed capacity of wind power and photovoltaic power generation exceeds the level of 1.5 billion kilowatts, and the established goal will not be achieved until 2050.

Development of solar power generation in North-west China

The energy flow diagram in the 2017 version of the renewable energy outlook report. This is the energy diagram for 2050. According to this scenario analysis, our energy structure can undergo fundamental changes. When the expected power generation in the Northwest region in 2030 is 1.4 trillion, renewable energy will account for half of the level even in the context of established policies. In 2050, the total power generation in Northwest China will reach the level of 1.7 to 2.3 trillion kilowatt-hours, of which renewable energy accounts for nearly 80%. So there is a lot of room for future development.

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